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Title:Implications of different classes of sensorimotor disturbances for cerebellar-based motor learning models
Authors: Adrian Haith ; Sethu Vijayakumar
Date:Jan 2009
Publication Title:Biological Cybernetics
Publication Type:Journal Article Publication Status:Published
Volume No:100 Page Nos:81-95
DOI:10.1007/s00422-008-0266-5 ISBN/ISSN:0340-1200
The exact role of the cerebellum in motor control and learning is not yet fully understood. The structure, connectivity and plasticity within cerebellar cortex has been extensively studied, but the patterns of connectivity and interaction with other brain structures, and the computational significance of these patterns, is less well known and a matter of debate. Two contrasting models of the role of the cerebellum in motor adaptation have previously been proposed. Most commonly, the cerebellum is employed in a purely feedforward pathway, with its output contributing directly to the outgoing motor command. The cerebellum must then learn an inverse model of the motor apparatus in order to achieve accurate control. More recently, Porrill et al. (Proc Biol Sci 271(1541):789 796, 2004) and Porrill et al. (PLoS Comput Biol 3:1935 1950, 2007a) and Porrill et al. (Neural Comput 19(1), 170 193, 2007b) have highlighted the potential importance of these recurrent connections by proposing an alternative architecture in which the cerebellum is embedded in a recurrent loop with brainstem control circuitry. In this framework, the feedforward connections are not necessary at all. The cerebellum must learn a forward model of the motor apparatus for accurate motor commands to be generated. We show here how these two models exhibit contrasting yet complimentary learning capabilities. Central to the differences in performance between architectures is that there are two distinct kinds of disturbance to which a motor system may need to adapt (1) changes in the relationship between the motor command and the observed outcome and (2) changes in the relationship between the stimulus and the desired outcome. The computational distinction between these two kinds of transformation is subtle and has therefore often been overlooked. However, the implications for learning turn out to be significant: learning with a feedforward architecture is robust following changes in the stimulus-desi
2009 by The University of Edinburgh. All Rights Reserved
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Bibtex format
author = { Adrian Haith and Sethu Vijayakumar },
title = {Implications of different classes of sensorimotor disturbances for cerebellar-based motor learning models},
journal = {Biological Cybernetics},
publisher = {Springer},
year = 2009,
month = {Jan},
volume = {100},
pages = {81-95},
doi = {10.1007/s00422-008-0266-5},

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