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Title:Dynamic competition between contour integration and contour segmentation probed with moving stimuli
Authors: Jean Lorenceau ; Anne Giersch ; Peggy Series
Date: 2005
Publication Title:Vision Research
Publication Type:Journal Article Publication Status:Published
Volume No:45 Page Nos:103-116
DOI:10.1016/j.visres.2004.07.033 ISBN/ISSN:0042-6989
Line-ends, corners and junctions are important singularities for form analysis, object recognition, depth ordering or motion processing. In this study, we investigate the extent to which processing the motion of line ends depends on the spatial configuration of their immediate surround. To that aim, we used two vertical collinear line segments, translating clockwise or anti-clockwise along a circular path, together with a direction discrimination task. Direction discrimination was measured independently for outer line- ends at both segments extremities and inner line-ends in between collinear segments using line segments partially occluded by invisible masks such that the direction of either inner or outer line-ends motion was restricted to a sinusoidal translation along a horizontal axis, and thus irrelevant for the motion task. Under these conditions, access to the direction of inner line-ends is longer and more difficult than it is for outer line-ends. Subsequent experiments show that these effects depend on the degree of collinearity between line segments. Similar experiments were performed after volunteers took a dose of Lorazepam, a benzodiazepine that facilitates the fixation of GABA on GABAA receptors. The results show that the differences between the processing of inner and outer line-ends is reduced, suggesting that the effect of the surround is modulated by inhibitory mechanisms. Using a simple model, we propose that this effect can be explained by a competition between a segmentation process based on surround suppression and contour integration through long-range horizontal connections, at or prior to motion processing stages.
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Bibtex format
author = { Jean Lorenceau and Anne Giersch and Peggy Series },
title = {Dynamic competition between contour integration and contour segmentation probed with moving stimuli},
journal = {Vision Research},
publisher = {Elsevier},
year = 2005,
volume = {45},
pages = {103-116},
doi = {10.1016/j.visres.2004.07.033},

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