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Title:Free-Algebra Models for the Pi-Calculus
Authors: Ian Stark
Date:Apr 2005
Publication Title:Proceedings of FoSSaCS 2005 (Foundations of Software Science and Computation Structure)
Publication Type:Conference Paper Publication Status:Published
Volume No:3441 Page Nos:155-169
The finite pi-calculus has an explicit set-theoretic functor-category model that is known to be fully abstract for strong late bisimulation congruence. We characterize this as the initial free algebra for an appropriate set of operations and equations in the enriched Lawvere theories of Plotkin and Power. Thus we obtain a novel algebraic description for models of the pi-calculus, and validate an existing construction as the universal such model. The algebraic operations are intuitive, covering name creation, communication of names over channels, and nondeterminism; the equations then combine these features in a modular fashion. We work in an enriched setting, over a "possible worlds" category of sets indexed by available names. This expands significantly on the classical notion of algebraic theories, and in particular allows us to use nonstandard arities that vary as processes evolve. Based on our algebraic theory we describe a category of models for the pi-calculus, and show that they all preserve bisimulation congruence. We develop a direct construction of free models in this category; and generalise previous results to prove that all free-algebra models are fully abstract.
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005
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author = { Ian Stark },
title = {Free-Algebra Models for the Pi-Calculus},
book title = {Proceedings of FoSSaCS 2005 (Foundations of Software Science and Computation Structure)},
publisher = {Springer},
year = 2005,
month = {Apr},
volume = {3441},
pages = {155-169},
doi = {10.1007/b106850},
url = {},

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